Globalization is interdependence between the many different states in the world. Different countries today depend on each other economically, influence each other culturally, and interact with each other politically. The new, interconnected world both works together and butts heads.
The major cause of Globalization is connectivity throughout the entire world. Modern transportation and technology have made communication faster and easier than ever before. Trading goods, as well as moving ideas, is faster than it has ever been. The internet has increased this exponentially. Any information can be moved anywhere in the world (except countries that resist) in an instant.
Some countries try to combat Globalization. They close their borders to trade, block communication from some or all foreign countries, or even wage war. Even Western states try to guard their culture and economy. For example, France has laws that enforce certain hours of the day where only French, or sometimes European, entertainment can be played on TV or on the radio. A more extreme example is North Korea, which blocks foreign intervention in its culture by censoring the media, keeping foreigners out, and not trading with almost any other states.
Globalization, as a process, has been going on for thousands of years. One of the most notable examples of early globalization is the silk road that connected Europe, Africa, and the far East with trade routes. It was the first major method of sharing technology and ideas across a large distance.
The three main parts of globalization are cultural, political and economic interaction on an international level.
Culturally, globalization involves the spreading of culture (be it language, music, food, or something else) across the world. For example, if you look at the top music in Europe today, much of it is from places other than Europe. Many people resent things like this, because it means that native cultural products are less prevalent.
As the countries of the world have more interactions, there is a need for more agreement and standards. Countries have formed treaties, free trade agreements, and even governing bodies that can control them. Organizations like the UN, the WTO and the International Criminal Court arose from agreements between many countries and have the power to influence the actions of countries that have agreed to their terms.
Economic globalization often includes aspects of cultural and political globalization because cultural products are traded, and there are many agreements between different countries that allow for this trade. All kinds of goods are traded around the world today that couldn’t have been traded before. For example, countries that are more suitable for growing corn, like large parts of the US, provide much of the corn supply for the world. This often creates interdependence between countries, as the suppler country needs the market of the other country, and the buyer needs the supply.
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